According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), also commonly referred to as winter depression, affects approximately 4-6% of the U.S. population. It is estimated that another 10-20% may suffer from a more mild form of the disorder called the winter blues. It is hard to believe that a condition that only came to light in the public eye in the early 1980s is now affecting up to 30% of U.S. citizens. Rates are said to be even higher in other parts of the world, like northern Europe and Australia.
So, what exactly is SAD? Seasonal Affective Disorder was first named and defined by Dr. Norman Rosenthal and colleagues at the National Institute of Mental Health. In an article written for the Archives of General Psychiatry in 1984, Dr. Rosenthal defines SAD as a syndrome characterized by recurrent depressions that occur annually at the same time each year. Most people with SAD experience these symptoms at the onset of winter. As the days get colder and shorter, SAD sufferers deal with symptoms such as sadness and depression, lack of energy and fatigue, cravings for starches and sweets, difficulty concentrating, anxiety, and irritability.
The most popular and proven treatment for SAD is bright light therapy. As light enters the eyes and is registered by the brain, the chemical serotonin is released. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps nerve cells work together. When light is diminished, due to the shortened winter days, serotonin levels can drop. For some people, this can result in a variety of symptoms including drastic changes in mood.
Further complications come from changes in melatonin levels. Melatonin is a hormone that is released at night and is believed to help regulate sleep. Naturally, as the daylight hours decrease during winter, more melatonin may be produced by the body causing lethargy and fatigue.
To overcome a decrease in serotonin and an increase in melatonin, the simple answer is to introduce more bright light. Sunlight is the best source of therapy, but what happens if you suffer from SAD and spend 8 or more hours a day in an office or cubical with little or no access to windows and daylight?
Two natural solutions are to add a SAD light therapy lamp to your environment and surround yourself with things of beauty. While these are no replacement for true sunlight, the lamp will help physically, and creating an area of beauty will help mentally. Both can lighten your mood and help manage the stress that leads to melancholy feelings.
According to Dr. Gila Lindsley, if you establish a mental set to enjoy the winter time, it helps to control the sadness. In other words, trying to keep a positive spirit will help to reduce SAD symptoms. It is important, then, that you create a revitalizing environment that will bring you a degree of happiness. You must discover the beauty in winter in order to take some pleasure in this season you dread.
One way to discover winters wonders is through the calming effects of free winter screensavers. Screensavers like 3D Snowy Cottages and Majestic Winter Screensaver can help lift the mood and reduce stress by adding something bright and beautiful into your world.
There are many things you can do to add beauty to your cubical or office area, but the benefit of the screensavers at Screensaver.com is that they are free, quick, and easy. Adding a winter screensaver allows you to experience the extraordinary wonder of winter without ever setting foot in the snow or frigid temperatures.
If you suffer from SAD or just a case of the winter blues, add a low cost light therapy lamp and a free winter screensaver to your workspace to help you get through the long winter days and experience joy in the season.